Mines, Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)

Mines, Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), and other unexploded hazards pose a serious and ongoing threat to civilians around the world, killing thousands every year and causing indiscriminate harm to others. Three in four child casualties in the world’s deadliest conflicts are caused by explosive hazards. They can remain undetonated in the ground for decades after hostilities have ceased, wreaking damage and hindering people from accessing their homes, limiting their movements, preventing the land from being utilised, and instilling fear in communities.


With over 100 million mines continuing to threaten the lives of people in over 78 countries, mine action still has a long road ahead. Anti-Personnel (AP) mines are designed to explode from the presence, proximity, or contact of a person. Anti-Vehicle (AV) or Anti-Tank (AT) mines are munitions designed to explode from the presence, proximity, or contact of a vehicle.

Explosive Remnants of War (ERW)

ERW refer to ordnance left behind after a conflict. These unstable explosive items pose dangers similar to landmines. Clearing these explosive threats is the essential first step in rebuilding lives after conflict. They can be further subcategorised. Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) includes ammunition for guns, grenades & mortar rounds, cluster munitions & submunition, missiles, bombs & fuses. Abandoned Explosive Ordnance (AXO) includes arms caches & weapon depots, as well as stockpiles and storage areas.



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